Federation of Handicraft Associations of Nepal

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About Nepal

Official Name : Government of Nepal
Accommodation : There are numerous hotels, motels, guesthouses and other suitable accommodation facility of different ranges in major tourist destinations of Nepal.
Abbreviation : NP
Business Hours : Majority of offices run from 10.00 am to 5.00 pm between Sunday to Friday. Saturday is public holiday (applicable only in valley). The shopping could be done between 9.00 am to 8.00 pm.
Capital : Kathmandu
Climate : The climate ranges from hot tropical to cold Himalaya type. However, these three seasons are common:

  • The Rainy Season (Monsoon) : July – October The
  • The Winter Season : November – February
  • The Summer Season : July – March – June
Government : Republic
Date of Constitution : November 9, 1990
Unification :
  • Kingdom declared: December 21, 1768
  • Republic declared: May 28, 2008
Head of State : President
Language : Nepali (official)
Location : Federal Republic of Nepal is located along the southern slopes of the Himalayas, Mount Everest (8,848 meters, the World’s highest mountain peak) is in Nepal. Nepal is landlocked country, sandwiched between two Asian giants i.e. Peoples’ Republic of China and India. However, Calcutta port of India and Chittagong / Mangola ports of Bangladesh are used for international trade. Nepal is spread over 147,181 square kilometers, situated at 4,500 feet above the sea level.
National Holidays :
  • National Days:December 28
  • Independence Day: February 18
  • Plus other national festivals
National Calendar : The Nepali year begins in mid-April and is divided into 12 months: Baisakh, Jestha, Asadh, Shrawan, Bhadra, Aswin, Kartik, Marga, Poush, Falgun, Chaitra. Saturday and Sunday is the official weekly holiday. (applicable only in valley).
Per capita income : $ 444 (International Monetary Fund 2009-10-01)
Physical Quality of Life Index : 59.8 years
Population : 29,331,000 (2009 estimate)
Religion : Hinduism 80.6%, Buddhism 0.7%, Islam 4.28% and other 4.5%
Time Zone : 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT
Transportation : Nepal is linked with major cities of the World through air transport. The domestic travel is facilitated by road and air service. Nepal has one International Airport, 44 Airlines and about 11,867 km of road network.
Unit of Currency : Rupee

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